Bee Biology and Systematics Laboratory (USDA-ARS)

This is a one-time snapshot collection of data originally hosted by GBIF:

The Pollinating Insects -- Biology, Management and Systematics Research Unit (PIRU) was founded in the late 1940s as part of the alfalfa seed production unit. We focus primarily on pollination research with bees.The mission of the Pollinating Insect - Biology, Management and Systematics Research Unit is the development of non-Apis bees, for example the alfalfa leafcutting bee and blue orchard bee, as crop pollinators. Research emphasis areas include the development and improvement of management systems for bee populations, biological studies of bees, plant-pollination systems, and bee biosystematics. Cross-pollinated crops not effectively pollinated by honey bees have been targeted for improved pollination management, and the candidacy of selected pollinator species continues to be evaluated. Current research on established species, like the alfalfa leafcutting bee and blue orchard bee, is directed toward developing control programs for pests and diseases, improving management that will result in better bee health and demonstrating pollination efficacy and increased producer profitability on "new" crops.
Contact: Terry Griswold (
Collection Type: Preserved Specimens
Management: Data snapshot of local collection database
Last Update: 12 January 2017
Digital Metadata: EML File
Collection Statistics
  • 629,545 specimen records
  • 614,255 (98%) georeferenced
  • 620,130 (99%) identified to species
  • 9 families
  • 279 genera
  • 4,494 species
  • 4,494 total taxa (including subsp. and var.)
Extra Statistics
This project made possible by National Science Foundation Award EF 1207371